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Structural Analysis of Platinum Nanoparticles on Carbon Nanotube Surface as Electrocatalyst System

sudirman, sudirman and Indriyati, Indriyati and Wisnu, Ari Adi and Rike, Yudianti and Emil, Budianto (2017) Structural Analysis of Platinum Nanoparticles on Carbon Nanotube Surface as Electrocatalyst System. International Journal of Chemistry, 9 (2). pp. 60-66. ISSN 1916-9698

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Abstract

Synthesis of Pt/CNT composite by using sol gel method has been performed which the composition of CNT on the composite are vary, (x = 20, 40, 60 and 80 wt%). Performance of composite was characterized by Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), respectively. In the refinement results of X-ray diffraction pattern, the composite consists of two phases, namely, carbon and platinum phases. Carbon phase has a structure hexagonal (P 63 m c) with lattice parameters a = b = 2.451(2) Å and c = 6.89(1) Å, α = β = 90° and γ = 120°, the unit cell volume of V = 35.8(1) A3, and the atomic density of ρ = 2.224 g.cm-3. While platinum phase has the structure of cubic (F m -3 m) with lattice parameters a = b = c = 3.921(2) Å, α = β = γ = 90°, the unit cell volume of V = 60.3(1) A3, and the atomic density of ρ = 21.487 g.cm-3.According to the image of TEM, the average particle size for Pt nano particle is estimated to range from 4.1-4.3 nm. While the cavity diameter average of CNT is estimated to range from 5.9-7.5 nm. Based on the calculation, the crystallite size of the Pt particle was around 4.31 nm. The optimum value of dispersed Pt into CNT occurred at 60 wt% CNT with the best composition of Pt in the unit cell of cystal structure. We concluded that this study successfully dispersed Pt nanoparticles onto CNT formed Pt/CNT composite. This was a great opportunity that the composite can be applied as electrocatalyst system on fuel cell application.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Daur Bahan Bakar Nuklir dan Bahan Maju > Bahan Struktur dan Bahan Maju > Teknik Sintesis Bahan Maju
Divisions: Pusat Sains dan Teknologi Bahan Maju
Depositing User: EDITOR PSTBM BATAN
Date Deposited: 09 May 2018 02:23
Last Modified: 18 May 2018 02:53
URI: http://repo-nkm.batan.go.id/id/eprint/1126

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