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Lead identification in soil surrounding a used lead acid battery smelter area in Banten, Indonesia

Adventini, Natalia and Santoso, Muhayatun and Lestiani, Diah Dwiana and Syahfitri, Woro Yatu Niken and Rixson, Leons (2017) Lead identification in soil surrounding a used lead acid battery smelter area in Banten, Indonesia. "Journal of Physics: Conference Series", 860. pp. 2-9. ISSN 1742-6596

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Abstract

A used lead acid battery smelter generates particulates containing lead that can contaminate the surrounding environment area. Lead is a heavy metal which is harmful to health if it enters the human body through soil, air, or water. An identification of lead in soil samples surrounding formal and informal used lead acid battery smelters area in Banten, Indonesia using EDXRF has been carried out. The EDXRF accuracy and precision evaluated from marine sediment IAEA 457 gave a good agreement to the certified value. A number of 16 soil samples from formal and informal areas and 2 soil samples from control area were taken from surface and subsurface soils. The highest lead concentrations from both lead smelter were approximately 9 folds and 11 folds higher than the reference and control samples. The assessment of lead contamination in soils described in Cf index was in category: moderately and strongly polluted by lead for formal and informal lead smelter. Daily lead intake of children in this study from all sites had exceeded the recommended dietary allowance. The HI values for adults and children living near both lead smelter areas were greater than the value of safety threshold 1. This study finding confirmed that there is a potential health risk for inhabitants surrounding the used lead acid battery smelter areas in Banten, Indonesia.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Keselamatan dan Keamanan Nuklir > Keselamatan Lingkungan > Keselamatan Radiasi Lingkungan
Keselamatan dan Keamanan Nuklir > Keselamatan Lingkungan > Analisis Mengenai Dampak Lingkungan
Divisions: Pusat Sains dan Teknologi Nuklir Terapan
Depositing User: user pstnt batan
Date Deposited: 17 May 2018 03:54
Last Modified: 17 May 2018 03:54
URI: http://repo-nkm.batan.go.id/id/eprint/1898

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