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Pengaruh Pemanasan Kernel UO2 Dalam Medium Gas Argon Terhadap sifat Fisis Kernel UO2 Sinter

Damunir, Damunir and Susilowati, Sri Rinanti and Kusuma Dewi, ariyani (2015) Pengaruh Pemanasan Kernel UO2 Dalam Medium Gas Argon Terhadap sifat Fisis Kernel UO2 Sinter. Urania, 21 (3). pp. 117-126. ISSN 2528-0473

[img] Text (Pengaruh Pemanasan Kernel UO2 Dalam Medium Gas Argon Terhadap sifat Fisis Kernel UO2 Sinter)
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Abstract

ABSTRAK PENGARUH PEMANASAN KERNEL UO2 DALAM MEDIUM GAS ARGON TERHADAP SIFAT FISIS KERNEL UO2 SINTER. Pengaruh pemanasan kernel UO2 dalam medium gas argon terhadap sifat fisis kernel UO2 sinter telah dipelajari. Pemanasan dilakukan dalam reaktor sinter tipe bed. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh sifat fisis kernel UO2 sinter sesuai dengan persyaratan penggunaan sebagai bahan bakar nuklir. Sampel yang digunakan adalah kernel UO2 hasil reduksi pada 800 oC selama 3 jam yang mempunyai densitas sebesar 8,13 g/cm3; porositas sebesar 0,26; rasio O/U sebesar 2,05; diameter sebesar 1146 µm dan kebulatan sebesar 1,05. Sampel dimasukkan ke dalam reaktor sinter, lalu divakumkan untuk mengusir udara dan pengotor dalam reaktor. Setelah itu dialirkan air pendingin dan gas argon pada tekanan 5 mPa dengan kecepatan 1,5 liter/menit secara kontinyu. Temperatur reaktor dinaikkan dengan variasi pada 1200 – 1500 oC dan waktu divariasi selama 1 – 4 jam. Kernel UO2 sinter yang dihasilkan, dianalisis sifat fisisnya meliputi densitas, porositas, diameter, kebulatan dan luas muka spesifik. Densitas dianalisis menggunakan piknometer dengan larutan CCl4, porositas ditentukan menggunakan persamaan Haynes. Diameter dan kebulatan diamati menggunakan mikroskop Dino-lite. Luas muka spesifik ditentukan menggunakan surface area meter Nova-1000. Hasil yang diperoleh menunjukkan bahwa pemanasan kernel UO2 dalam medium gas argon perpengaruh terhadap sifat fisis kernel UO2 sinter. Sifat fisis kernel UO2relatif baik diperoleh pada temperatur pemanasan 1400 oC selama 2 jam dan dihasilkan kernel UO2 sinter dengan densitas sebesar 10,14 g/mL, porositas sebesar 7 %, diameter sebesar 893 µm, kebulatan sebesar 1,07 µm, luas muka spesifik sebesar 4,68 m2/g dan penyusutan padatan sebesar 22,08 %. Besaran sifat fisis ini hampir sama dengan sifat fisis kernel UO2 yang digunakan sebagai bahan bakar nuklir. Kata kunci: Kernel UO2, pemanasan, sifat fisis, densitas, porositas, luas muka spesifik dan kebulatan. ABSTRACT THE HEATING OF UO2 KERNELS IN ARGON GAS MEDIUM ON THE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SINTERED UO2 KERNELS. The heating of UO2 kernels in argon gas medium on the physical properties of sinter UO2 kernels was conducted. The heated of the UO2 kernels was conducted in a sinter reactor of a bed type. The sample used was the UO2kernels resulted from the reduction results at 800 oC temperature for 3 hours that had the density of 8.13 g/cm3; porocity of 0.26; O/U ratio of 2.05; diameter of 1146 µm and sphericity of 1.05. The sample was put into a sinter reactor, then it was vacumed by flowing the argon gas at 180 mmHg pressure to drain the air from the reactor. After that, the cooling water and argon gas were continuously flowed with the pressure of 5 mPa with 1.5 liter/minutes velocity. The reactor temperature was increased and variated at 1200-1500 oC temperature and for 1-4 hours. The sinters UO2 kernels resulted from the study were analyzed in term of their physical properties including the density, porosity, diameter, sphericity, and specific surface area. The density was analyzed using pycnometer with CCl4 solution. The porosity was determined using Haynes equation. The diameters and sphericity were showed using the Dino-lite microscope. The specific surface area was determined using surface area meter Nova-1000. The obtained products showed tha the heating of UO2kernel in argon gas medium were influenced on the physical properties of sinters UO2 kernel. The condition of best relatively at 1400 oC temperature and 2 hours time. The product resulted from the study was relatively at its best when heating was conducted at 1400 oC temperature and 2 hours time, produced sinters UO2 kernel with density of 10.14 gr/ml; porosity of 7 %; diameters of 893 µm; sphericity of 1.07 and specific surface area of 4.68 m2/g with solidify shrinkage of 22 %. Keywords: UO2kernel, heating, physical properties, density, porosity, specific surface area and sphericity.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Daur Bahan Bakar Nuklir dan Bahan Maju > Bahan Bakar Nuklir > Teknik Pemurnian dan Konversi Bahan Bakar Nuklir
Daur Bahan Bakar Nuklir dan Bahan Maju > Bahan Bakar Nuklir > Teknik Fabrikasi Bahan Bakar Nuklir
Divisions: Pusat Teknologi Bahan Bakar Nuklir
Depositing User: USER PTBBN BATAN
Date Deposited: 31 May 2018 00:42
Last Modified: 31 May 2018 00:42
URI: http://repo-nkm.batan.go.id/id/eprint/2361

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