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Leaching kinetic of Nd. Y, Pr and Sm in rare earth hydroxide (REOH) use nitric acid

Purwani, MV and Suyanti, Suyanti (2018) Leaching kinetic of Nd. Y, Pr and Sm in rare earth hydroxide (REOH) use nitric acid. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 962 (1).

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Abstract

The purpose of this study were to determine the order of reaction, rate reaction constant and activation energy of reaction Y(OH)3, Nd(OH)3, Pr(OH)3 and Sm(OH)3 with HNO3. The rate reaction constant is necessary to determine the residence time in the design of continuously stirred tank reactor (CSTR). The studied parameters were leaching temperature (60 – 90 °C) and leaching time (0-15 minutes). From the resulting data can be concluded that the leaching process were strongly influenced by the time and temperature process. Leaching rare earth hydroxide (REOH) using nitric acid follows second order. At leaching 10 grams of REOH using 40 ml HNO3 0.0576 mol were obtained maximum conversion at 90 °C and leaching time 15 minutes for Y was 0.95 (leaching efficiency was 95%), for Nd was 0.97 ( leaching efficiency was 97%), for Pr was 0.94 (leaching efficiency was 94%) and for Sm was 0.94 (leaching efficiency was 94%). The largest activation energy was Y of 23.34 kJ/mol followed by Pr of 20.00 kJ/mol, Sm of 17.94 kJ/mol and the smallest was Nd of 16.39 kJ/mol. The relationship between the rate constant of the reaction with T for Y was kY = 338.26 e−23,34/RT, for Nd was kNd = 33.69 e −16,39 / RT, for Pr was kPr = 102.04 e−20 / RT and for Sm adalah was kSm = 50.16 e−17,94/RT

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Daur Bahan Bakar Nuklir dan Bahan Maju > Bahan Bakar Nuklir > Teknik Pemurnian dan Konversi Bahan Bakar Nuklir
Daur Bahan Bakar Nuklir dan Bahan Maju > Bahan Bakar Nuklir > Teknik Sintesis Bahan Bakar Nuklir
Divisions: Pusat Sains dan Teknologi Akselerator
Depositing User: EDITOR PSTA BATAN
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2018 04:53
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2018 04:53
URI: http://repo-nkm.batan.go.id/id/eprint/2842

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