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Neutron diffraction study on Li3PO4 solid electrolyte for lithium ion battery

Kartini, Evvy and Manawan, Maykel and Collins, Malcolm F and Avdeev, Maxim (2017) Neutron diffraction study on Li3PO4 solid electrolyte for lithium ion battery. Physica B: Condensed Matter. pp. 1-7.

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Abstract

The solid electrolyte, Li3PO4 has been prepared by a wet chemical reaction. The crystal structure of Li3PO4 was measured at room temperature by a high resolution powder diffraction (HRPD) at the Neutron Scattering Laboratory, National Nuclear Energy Agency (BATAN), Indonesia. Another series of neutron data at 3 K and 300 K were measured by an ECHIDNA at Australian Center for Neutron Scattering, ANSTO, Australia. Based on how neutron and X rays interact with matter, it is also important to perform the x-ray diffraction on Li3PO4. The purpose is to understand the insight crystal structure of Li3PO4 from two different methods. Both refinement results showed that crystal structure belong to the β-Li3PO4 with orthorhombic phase P m n 21 (31), with the lattice parameters are a ¼ 6.1168 Å, b¼ 5.2498 Å, c ¼ 4.8723 Å. Fourier method employed to reveal the main difference between neutron and X-rays sources. It is clearly shown that Li atom is visible to neutron. The negative scattering length of Li (�1.90) gave a negative intensity in the neutron Fourier map. In contrast to neutron, X-Ray interacts with electron gave a positive intensity but the heavy atom P dominates the intensity due to its high number of electron. The neutron can provide more detail in the structure information. By comparing the 300 K data with data 3 K, the Li-ions diffusion can be observed from the neutron Fourier maps, and the Li-ions elongation pathway can be seen from the 3-D structure model. It can be concluded here that neutron is an indispensable tool to observe the lithium ion battery materials.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Daur Bahan Bakar Nuklir dan Bahan Maju > Bahan Struktur dan Bahan Maju
Divisions: Pusat Sains dan Teknologi Bahan Maju
Depositing User: EDITOR PSTBM BATAN
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2018 02:50
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2018 02:50
URI: http://repo-nkm.batan.go.id/id/eprint/3242

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