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Optimization of Start-up Fuel Mana gement for OTTO Cycle Pebble Bed Reactor

Topan Setiadiapura, TS and Toru Obara, TO (2015) Optimization of Start-up Fuel Mana gement for OTTO Cycle Pebble Bed Reactor. Optimization of Start-up Fuel Mana gement for OTTO Cycle Pebble Bed Reactor, 17 (71). pp. 42-51. ISSN 2355-9179

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Abstract Fuel management of once-through-then-out (OTTO) cycle Pebble Bed Reactors (PBR) was studied, in particular the start-up condition of the core before it achieves the equilibrium condition. Optimum and simple fuel management performance in the start-up condition is important for the practical deployment of PBR. There is no option for fuel re-insertion in an OTTO cycle PBR, hence nuclear fuel utili zation is an important factor not only in the equilibrium condition but also in the start-up condition. The purpose of the study was to find an optimum procedure to improve burnup performance of fuel management in startup of the OTTO cycle PBR. Initial Heavy Metal (HM) loading in the core, power density, and multiplication factors were the main parameters investigated. The target of the analysis was a small sized 10MW PBR. A newly developed code system for OTTO cycle PBR was used. The code system is capable of performing neutron transport and depletion calculations of the OTTO cycle PBR covering whole of its fuel management scheme from initial loading to equilibrium condition. In this study, fuel composition in the start-up condition was limited to the same composition (a single enrichment) as the fuel in equilibrium condition for simplicity of the whole fuel management. The equilibrium condition of the PBR was investigated first. Based on the equilibrium condition two start-up fuel management schemes, a mixed and top-bottom scheme, were investigated. It was found that mixed scheme is better compare to top bottom scheme in achieving efficient HM-loading. Mixed scheme also gave a lower maximum power density. For the chosen target equilibrium design with 10wt% enrichment and 12g-HM/pebble the minimum initial HM-loading using mixed and top-bottom scheme was 97.1 kg and 161.9 kg, respectively. While the maximum power density at that minimum initial loading was 4.5 W/cm 3 and 4.9 W/cm 3 , respectively.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Keselamatan dan Keamanan Nuklir
Divisions: Pusat Teknologi dan Keselamatan Reaktor Nuklir
Depositing User: USER PTKRN BATAN
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2018 08:41
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2018 08:41
URI: http://repo-nkm.batan.go.id/id/eprint/3772

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