Effect of Nitrogen Ion Implantation on the Surface Hardness, Corrosion Rate, and Crystal Structure of Pure Aluminium
Advances in Materials
Volume 8, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages: 137-141
Received: Jul. 22, 2019;
Accepted: Sep. 16, 2019;
Published: Oct. 9, 2019
Views 666 Downloads 245
Dwi Priyantoro, Electro-mechanical Department, Polytechnic Institute of Nuclear Technology, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Emy Mulyani, Particle Physics Department, Center for Accelerator Science and Technology, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Tjipto Sujitno, Particle Physics Department, Center for Accelerator Science and Technology, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
The weakness of aluminium and its alloys are relative low hardness and wear resistance. To improve this weakness a nitrogen ion implantation technique has been carried out. For the purpose, an ion implantation process was carried out for various of dose such as 0.578×1016 ion/cm2, 0.706×1016 ion/cm2, 0.842×1016 ion/cm2, 0.970×1016 ion/cm2, and 1.106×1016 ion/cm2 at a certain energy and beam current, 60 keV and 75 μA, respectively. Hardness test was performed using microhardness tester, the corrosion resistance was tested using the electrochemical method, and the crystal structure was analyzed using X-ray diffraction. From the hardness test result, it can be concluded that the optimum hardness in order of 37.5 VHN was achieved at an ion dose of 0.83×1017 ion/cm2. While the hardness for the untreated sample was 18.70 VHN. It meant, there is an increasing hardness by a factor of 100,53%. At these conditions, the corrosion rate reduces from 0.012 mmpy to 0.011 mmpy or reduce by a factor of 8.3%. Based on the XRD analysis, it can be obtained the AlN phase is formed through the peaks at 2-theta was 39.37° (111), 45.76° (200), and 66.88° (202).
Effect of Nitrogen Ion Implantation on the Surface Hardness, Corrosion Rate, and Crystal Structure of Pure Aluminium, Advances in Materials.
Vol. 8, No. 4,
2019, pp. 137-141.
Jingyi Yue, Yan Cao, Corrosion Prevention by Applied Coatings on Aluminium Alloys in Corrosive Environments, International journal of electrochemical science 10 (7): 5222-5237, June 2015).
J. Wood, Gautam Majumdar, Ion Implantation, in Reference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering, 2016.
R. Figueroa, C. M. Abreu, M. J. Cristóbal, G. Pena, Effect of nitrogen and molybdenum ion implantation in the tribological behavior of AA7075 Aluminium alloy, Wear 276–277, 53–60, 2012.
Bandriyana, Agus Hadi Ismoyo, Tjipto Sujitno, A. Dimyati, Microstructure and, oxidation behavior of high strength steel AISI 410 implanted with nitrogen ion, AIP Conference Proceedings 1725, 020010 (2016).
Nurdin Ali, Mohamad Ali Fulazzaky, Muhammad Sukri Mustapa, Mohd Imran Ghazali, Muhammad Ridhaa, Tjipto Sujitno, Assessment of fatigue and corrosion fatigue behaviours of the nitrogen ion implanted CpTi, International Journal of Fatigue 61, 184-190, 2014.
Agung Setyo Darmawan, Waluyo Adi Siswanto, Tjipto Sujitno, Comparison of Commercially Pure Titanium Surface Hardness Improvement by Plasma Nitrocarburizing and Ion Implantation, Advanced Materials Research 789: 347-351, August 2013.
Nurdin Ali, Mohammad Sukri Mustapa, Mohd Imran Ghazali, Tjipto Sujitno, Muhammad Ridha, Fatique Life Prediction of Commercially Pure Titanium After Nitrogent Ions Implantation, International Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering 7 (1): 1007-1014, DOI: 10.15282/ijame.7.2012.16.0081, May 2013.
Ainun Nikmah, Djoni Izak Rudyardjo, Jan Ady, Ahmad Taufiq, Studies on Density, Corrosion Rate and Hardness Characteristics of Stainless Steel Implanted by Nitrogen Ion, IOP Conference Series Materials Science and Engineering 515: 012018, April 2019.
P. Vijaya Kumar, et al. Microstructure mechanical and corrosion behavior of high strength AA 7075, aluminium alloy friction ststir of post weld treatment, Defence Technology 11, 362-369, 2015.
GHORANNEVISS Mahmood, SARI Amir H., DORRANIAN Davoud, KHORSHID Pejman, S. HAJIHOSSEINI G. Hassan, SHOKOUHY Ali and HESABI Maryam, Nitrogen Ion Implantation in Pure Aluminium, J. Plasma Fusion Res. SERIES, Vol. 7 (2006) 303-306).
Youming Liu Liu he Li, Ming Xu Xun Ca Qiulong Chen Yawei Hu Paul K. Chu, Effects of nitrogen ion implantation and implantation energy on surface properties and adhesion strength of TiN films deposited on Aluminium by magnetron sputtering, Materials Science and Engineering: A, Volume 415, Issues 1–2, 15 January 2006, Pages 140-144.
P Budzyski et al 2016, The influence of nitrogen ion implantation on microhardness of the Stellite 6 alloy IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng. 148 012046.
Muhammad Shahnawaz, S Bashir, Muhammad Ahsan Shafique and Hussain, 2018, Study the effects of nitrogen ion implantation on structural and mechanical properties of AA7075, Materials Research Express, Volume 5 Number 7, Published 4 July 2018 © 2018 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Manouchehrian, M. M. Larijani and B. Banagar 2014, Influence of Energy Nitrogen Ion Implantation on Structural and Mechanical Properties of Chromium Thin Film, Int. J. Thin Fil. Sci. Tec. 3, No. 2, 67-70.
K. Takeda, K. Mitsui, H. Tobushi, N. Levintant-Zayonts, S. Kucharski, 2013, Influence of nitrogen ion implantation on deformation and fatigue properties of TiNi shape memory alloy wire, Arch. Mech., 65, 5, pp. 391–405, Warszawa.
Jingyi Yue, Yan Cao, Corrosion Prevention by Applied Coatings on Aluminium Alloys in Corrosive Environments, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci., 10 (2015) 5222-5237.
Raid, S. Pavan, V. Fridrici, C. Poilâne, Ph. Kapsa,. Temperature Effect on the Kinetic Alumina Layer Growth on 5086 Aluminium Substrate, MECHANIKA. 2017 Volume 23 (6): 923-930.